If you find yourself in an emergency situation, it’s important to be able to stop the car in the shortest possible distance. Therefore, it is important that you practice braking hard.
How to brake hard
This is how you do it :
Choose a secluded road without traffic. Drive about 30 mph (appr 50 km/h).
1. Check that there is no approaching traffic behind you.
2. Release the accelerator. Brake hard as hard as you can and push down the clutch(on a manual car). Press the brake to the floor until the vehicle has completely stopped.
3. Turn off the engine and discuss with your tutor.
Did the brake pedal feel weird? Was it vibrating? Did you hear a strange sound from the brakes?
It was most likely the ABS (antilock braking system) that was engaged. This is normal and nothing to worry about. In an emergency, it is important that you do not get scared when you hear a strange sound and feel vibration in the brake pedal. Then you might release the brake and run into an obstacle. Try to relax when you brake and do not jerk the steering wheel when braking. In order to achieve the shortest possible braking distance, the ABS has to start early during deceleration and it has to be running throughout the whole braking time!
If you are driving an older car that is not equipped with ABS, it is important that you gently release the brake pedal as soon as the wheels lock during braking. Otherwise, you risk skidding. If you are unsure if your car is equipped with ABS, you can search for information in the owner’s manual.
ABS, antilock brakes
The advantage with ABS is that the car has a certain ability to steer even under heavy braking. The risk of skidding is also less. In newer cars the braking distance also becomes slightly shorter with ABS than in cars not equipped with ABS. This depends on which type of road surface you are driving on. If you are driving on a slippery surface, ice, or snow, the distance can be slightly longer. Good luck with your drivers license!
Since some time back, you will find “how to drive” movies with different types of advice for learner drivers on www.drivers-education.eu.
The how to drive movies are available in English and they will give you tips on a variety of topics including …
• Different ways to park: parallel parking, reversing into a parking space, driving straight into a parking space.
• How to make a lane change.
• How to start.
• How to use the rear mirrors.
• How to use the clutch of a manual car.
Some of these movies are now available in Kurdish and Arabic versions. Some examples…..
Parallel parking in Arabic….
How to steer and how to grip the steering wheel in Kurdish….
Parking is something that many drivers are struggling with. Parking is really simple if you follow some rules!
The film will describe these rules. There are different ways to do a parallel parking. The film describes one of them. Use the method you like best.
Do not edge slowly for more than a couple of minutes. The clutch can easily overheat and wear down. Do not forget to look around and to drive slowly!
On our youtube channel you can find more advice and tips you can use when you drive.
You get advice and tips on among things:
Different kinds of parking
The parking method, parallel park method 1 and parallel park method 2
Reverse into the parking space
Drive into a parking bay space
Reverse around a corner
How you shift gear when you drive a manual car
How to make a lane change
Over time, we will upload more movies with driving tips! It doesn’t matter if you’re about to take your driver’s license or if you already have a driving license. Everyone is welcome to watch and learn.
In this post you can read about practicing on narrow winding country roads. I have chosen to divide the country road practice in two parts, scanning (how to look) and speed adaptation.
When driving on small country roads, the speed is usually higher than in a residential neighborhood, and you will therefore approach an obstacle faster. Therefore, it is important to compensate for your speed by looking further ahead. Strive to look as far as possible so you always know where the road ends.
Keep a varied speed! Do not be afraid to accelerate and get up to speed when the road is free. This applies when the road conditions and visibility are good. However, if you are to pass an intersection or driveway, you must not drive so fast that you could not stop if an obstacle appeared. Keep in mind that there are children in the countryside as well! Adjust your speed depending on the road conditions; keep it varied. Do not drive so fast that you could not stop before any potential obstacle.
The speed limit is the absolute maximum speed you are allowed to keep. You must not stay at 55 mp/h just because it happens to be the prevailing speed limit on the road. Drive with imagination! Think of risks.
In these places you should think a little extra about what speed you are driving.
How much you can see determines your speed! Your speed at exit points should be slow enough that you could stop if a child ran out into the street. Make use of cover braking in poor visibility. Pay attention to the side of the road to see if there is any exit. If the exit is located on the right side of the road, you can place yourself closer to the middle of the road to create extra space to exit. Make use of cover braking if needed.
The house is surrounded by bushes. Reduce speed on approach and look for the exit. Make use of cover braking.
At a place like this, you can assume that the exit is located just after the house. Reduce speed when approaching and look out for the exit. Make use of cover braking.
Here the line of sight isn’t obstructed! The exit is on the left side of the road and the visibility is good. There is no reason to slow down at a place like this.
Adjusting your speed going into a curve can be difficult as a learner driver. Your speed tends to be too high.
How do I reach the right speed going into a curve?
It’s all about how you scan the road! As a beginner, you tend to look only at the curve and not through the curve. By looking at the outer edge of the curve, you recognize that there is a curve. But this doesn’t tell you much about what speed you should keep when entering the curve.
To adjust your speed you have to know how tight the curve is. You do this by looking far through it and not at it. Note!! This is my big tip when it comes to adjusting your speed into curves!
Try to get an idea of how tight the curve is by looking at what angle the roadside bends at the end of the curve when the line of sight is obstructed and it is difficult to look through the curve.
As a learner driver, it is easy to become blinded by speed. Be suspicious of what you feel. If you have been looking far through the curves and you are still driving too fast into the curves, this may be due to speed blindness. Then try to go a little slower than your instinct into the next curve, and be suspicious of what you feel when it comes to speed.
In my own highly unscientific survey, it has been found that significantly more accidents are due to driving too fast into a turn than driving too slowly!
Hill crests and blind curves
Reduce your speed when approaching a hill or an obstructed curve. You never know what’s on the other side. Perhaps there is a tractor or a truck that you will face soon. It might cover the whole road when you meet.
When you choose what speed you should keep when approaching a railroad crossing, it does not matter whether the intersection is guarded or unguarded. The line of sight determines your speed!
Computers, do they always work?
The same is true of gates and lights at railway crossings. You cannot always rely on security systems to work. Therefore, it is important to always look to the sides early on when approaching a railroad crossing and adjust your speed according to the line of sight. Do not drive so fast that you could not stop if there were a train.
Here it is important to maintain a low speed when approaching the crossing. Accelerate when it is free. Minimize your time on the track area.
If visibility is good and the road is free, there is no reason to slow down.
So in other words, adjust your speed according to how much you can see, and watch for trains. The braking distance of a train can be up to appr, 4265 feet (1300 m). Even if the train driver notices that there is a car on the track, he or she probably can’t do that much about the situation.
Wildlife hazard is associated mostly with driving on roads outside of urban areas. Scan the surroundings and be suspicious. Adjust your speed according to how much you can see. Be suspicious if you are driving in an area with woods and bushes beside the road, and watch the sides for animals running out. There is no guarantee that an animal won’t pass the road even if the road is surrounded by fields and there are no trees. So be suspicious on these kinds of roads too!
A fenced field is absolutely no guarantee that an animal won’t come out on the road. Sometimes animals manage to get into the road despite the fence.
The wildlife hazard increases:
In hunting season
During wintertime with lots of snow (it’s easier for animals to go along the roads than through the woods)
When offspring leave their mothers
An animal has no traffic sense and has not attended any driving lessons! :)
Leaves, gravel, autumn
In the spring, fall, or winter, the road can become slippery from snow or ice. The road can also become slippery for other reasons. At certain times of the year, farmers move around a lot with their tractors. The tractors often drop clay and gravel on the road, and the grip is therefore inferior. This usually occurs during the spring and fall. In the autumn, leaves fall on the road. Then the road can become slippery.
If you are driving on a dirt road, you can expect that the grip will generally not be as good as when you are driving on a paved road. The braking distance will be longer. The tricky thing with driving on a dirt road is that the grip varies highly. On some parts, you can have a pretty good grip because the gravel is packed hard. On other parts, the gravel is loosely packed, and you therefore get less grip. Try to scan the road surface and adjust your speed accordingly. When driving on a dirt road, you usually need to slow down a little bit more when you approach a turn. If you drive too fast into a turn, you risk skidding. As mentioned earlier, the stopping distances are often longer on a dirt road. Keep this in mind when you’re approaching crossings, exits, or a crest.
Be suspicious and drive with foresight!
Look far ahead.
Be aware when approaching exits and railroad crossings and when you suspect there is a risk of wildlife.
Adjust your speed according to the conditions! Keep a variable speed! Strive to drive the speed limit if the road is free with good visibility and good road conditions. Reduce your speed when, for example, approaching hidden exits, tight curves, and crests on narrow roads.
Perform the following test and you will understand how it works.
The movie in text…..
Stand still with the car. Do not brake. Steer to the left until it impossible to steer more. Release the steering wheel and steer a little to the right until the steering wheel is straight (about ¼–¾ revolutions, depending on car model). See figure 1 in the illustration.
Steer one whole revolution to the right until the steering wheel is straight. See figure 2 in the illustration.
Then steer one whole revolution to the right until the steering wheel looks the same (straight). See figure 3 in the illustration. Steer further to the right until it impossible to steer more, and release the steering wheel.
At which point do you think the wheels were straight?
You probably noticed that from the steering wheel’s end position (when it was not possible to steer any more), there were three points where it looked like the wheels were straight on the steering wheel. The second of those points is where the wheels were straight.
If you are unsure whether the wheels are straight, you can do a simple test.
Turn the steering wheel until the steering wheel looks straight. Drive only a few centimeters. If the car then turns to the right, you should turn the steering wheel one whole revolution to the left. If the car turns to the left, you should turn the steering wheel one revolution to the right.
If the car moves straight, well, then the wheels are already straight.
You will wear out the suspension of the car if you turn the steering wheel often when it’s standing still. But the car will probably not be damaged if you only do it on a smaller scale.Good luck with your driving licence!
If you end up with two wheels off the road, it is important that you remain calm and don’t panic. As a learner driver, it’s easy to become frightened when such a thing happens. As a result, you overreact and steer sharply to get the car on the road again! And you risk skidding the car.
OK, how do I resolve the situation then?
Remain calm! Release the accelerator and let your speed decrease. Then gently steer the car up on the road.
If you are heading toward an obstacle such as a tree by the side of the road, you may not have time to wait to steer up on the road. You might have to steer right away. If so, try to steer as gently as possible without running into the tree. Release the accelerator before you steer.
I hope you never will end up in such a situation! Either with or without a driving license!